On March 8, we celebrate the International Women’s Day. Reason enough to shed more light on this day and its history beyond a brief lexicon entry. The world’s great women shared great Women’s Day Quotes with images to motivate others.
In August 1910, at the second international women’s conference in Copenhagen, about 100 women from 17 nations decided to hold an annual Women’s Day “to speed up the introduction of women’s political suffrage”. Socialist Clara Zetkin , along with Käthe Duncker and other comrades, had suggested this day. The resolution stated: “Every year, in agreement with the class-conscious political and trade union organisations of the proletariat in their country, the socialist women of all countries hold a Women’s Day, which primarily serves to agitate for women’s suffrage. Women’s Day must be international and carefully prepared. ”
Where the inspiration for this day came from is no longer clear. Often referred to as origin is, among other things, a demonstration against inhumane working conditions and equal wages of workers in New York in 1857 or 1858, “the tobacco and textile workers’ strikes in Manhattan in 1908” and “the eight-week successful strike of 20,000 female embroiderers in the same City”. Meanwhile, according to Wikipedia, however, several historians point out that this origin is a legend originated during the Cold War, to free the International Women’s Day from its socialist or communist “heritage”.
A greeting telegram to the first Women’s Day in 1911 proves that the immediate suggestion indeed from the resolution of the American socialists of 1909, “on the last Sunday of February large propaganda for women’s suffrage and the idea of socialism to organize …”.
How well the proposal of Zetkin and Duncker in their party, the SPD arrived, is unclear. While some people write that they did not make many friends and some of the comrades accused them of “women’s rights” and “extra sausages”, it is to be read elsewhere that the SPD supported the Women’s Day – ostensibly to allow women to vote Although the actual goal is more likely to be suspected, thereby increasing the electorate of the SPD.
The first Women’s Day finally took place on 19 March 1911, with rallies in Denmark, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the USA. France, Holland and Sweden joined in 1912, and in 1913 women’s suffrage, maternity protection and humane working hours were also demonstrated in Russia, Czechoslovakia and other countries.
1917 was an important year for Women’s Day
On March 8, 1917, Petersburg textile workers, workers ‘and soldiers’ wives, and also the peasant women from poorer neighborhoods went on strike. They thus started the February Revolution, which, among other things, ushered in the overthrow of the Tsar. In 1921, at the 2nd International Conference of Communists, the International Women’s Day was decided on March 8, as a reminder of this strike and its consequences. According to other accounts, it was said to have been Lenin, who declared March 8 International Women’s Day following a request from some pioneers.
In Germany, meanwhile, disappointed socialists founded the “Independent Socialist Party of Germany” (USPD) in April 1917. These decided to continue the International Women’s Day and it was committed in the same and the following year. Furthermore, the main demand was women’s suffrage. And so it looked at the end of 1918, as if the Women’s Day could be abolished again. For on November 12, 1918, the free, secret, active and passive suffrage for women and men from 20 was announced.